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Leather bound brass telescope, used by John Close

Leather bound brass telescope, used by John Close

Object type
Telescopes

Object number
2003.0083.0003.001

Description
A cylindrical brass telescope, bound with brown leather around the body of the telescope, and with a brass cap and brass eye peice. The eyepiece is of a slightly smaller diameter than the body of the telescope.

Used by John Collinson Close, an 'assistant collector' on the Australasian Antarctic Expedition of 1911-14, led by Douglas Mawson.

Collection name
John Collinson Close collection

Collection statement of significance
This collection comprises objects belonging to John Henry Collinson Close, a member of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition (AAE) of 1911-1914, led by Dr Douglas Mawson. It includes a telescope and case; pocket compass; Bryant and May matchbox (used to keep Close's Morse code); diary entries and letters from Close to his wife Alice (three on AAE letterhead); a hand-stitched canvas pouch with a label written by Close in ink, containing two rock samples collected in Antarctica and sent to Alice by supply ship in 1912; a copy of Life Magazine from September 1914; newspaper cuttings of eight articles written by or referencing Close; three typescript letters, including correspondence from Douglas Mawson; handwritten copies of two poems, including one by Tennyson; a newspaper cutting of a Douglas Stewart poem; and a registered envelope addressed to Close.

The John Collinson Close collection dates from the 'heroic era' of Antarctic exploration, perhaps the last great period of geographical discovery on Earth. It demonstrates key events in a story that led to Australia's claim over 42% of the continent. Linked to this story, and to this collection, are simultaneous ties to the old notions of Empire and the assertion of a new national identity. Close's private letters and journalism reveal the contrast between the personal experiences of a lesser-known expeditioner and a venture, overshadowed by a mythologised leader, now abstracted into the national memory and imagination.

User
Mr John Henry Collinson Close
Used by Close on the Australasian Antarctic Expedition of 1911-1914, led by Douglas Mawson

Place of use
Antarctica

Materials
Brass, Leather

Dimensions
Length: 142mm
Diameter: 35mm



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